The number of people in relief camps of tents and tarps since the quake was 1. Few of the Buildings in Haiti were built with earthquakes in mind, contributing to their collapse The government of Haiti also estimated that , residences and 30, commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. The earthquake’s epicentre was 25 km west of Port-au-Prince, the capital. The port, other major roads and communications link were damaged beyond repair and needed replacing. Airport and port damaged.
As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities. Most people, businesses and services were located in the capital. Few of the Buildings in Haiti were built with earthquakes in mind, contributing to their collapse The government of Haiti also estimated that , residences and 30, commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti. Damage to the main clothing industry.
Many of the effects were immediate or primaryeg injuries from falling buildings. There was much confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with prioritisation of flights further complicated early relief work. Port-au-Prince’s morgues were quickly overwhelmed with many tens of thousands of bodies having to be buried in mass graves.
One year after the earthquake 1 million people remained displaced. The large number of deaths meant that hospitals and morgues became full and bodies then had to be piled up on btiesize streets. There were many aftershocks after the main event. Social impacts of the earthquake effects on hairi 3 million people affected.
There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti. Medicines San frontiers, a charity, tried to help casualties whilst the USA took charge of trying to coordinate Aid distribution.
Many buildings simply collapsed or were damaged beyond repair. It was difficult getting aid into the area because of issues at the airport and generally poor management of the situation.
The effects of this earthquake were particularly bad because of the following reasons: The Senegalese offered land in Senegal to any Haitians who wanted it! Few of the Buildings in Haiti were built with earthquakes in mind, contributing to their collapse The government of Haiti also estimated thatresidences and 30, commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. Some secondary effects didn’t happen until many months later, eg cholera outbreaks.
Many countries haaiti to appeals for aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel. The pressure that was built up because of the friction between the 2 plates was eventually released causing a haito 7 earthquake on the Richter Scale with an epicentre 16 haitii West of Port-au-Prince and a shallow focus of 5 miles.
There were many impacts including.
The fault line is a strike slip fault, the Caribbean Plate south of the fault line was sliding east and the smaller Gonvave Platelet north of the fault was sliding west. Damage to the main clothing industry. It is estimated the 1 in 5 jobs were lost as a result of the quake Rubble from collapsed buildings blocked roads and rail links. The earthquake occurred on January 12 ththe epicentre was centred just 10 miles southwest of the capital city, Port au Prince and the quake was shallow—only about kilometres below the land’s surface.
Earthquake Case Study (Haiti – Poor)
People were squashed into shanty stufy or onto the streets because their homes had been destroyed leading to poor sanitation and health, and looting became a real problem. The Dominican Republic which neighbours Haiti offered support and accepted some refugees. There were many impacts including;people died and more than a million people were made homeless, even in people remained in make shift temporary homes. Most of the camps had no electricity, running water, or sewage disposal, and the tents were beginning to fall apart.
Most people, businesses and services were located in the capital.
Earthquakes – AQA – Revision 4 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize
Both plates move in the same direction, but one moves faster than the other. Impacts Short term responses Long term recovery.
Evaluate the possible reasons for the aid effort to Haiti being so slow. As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities. The earthquake was caused by the North American Plate sliding past the Caribbean Plate at a conservative plate margin. The port was destroyed Sea levels in local areas changed, with some parts of the land sinking below the sea The roads were littered with cracks and fault lines.